Animal Feed & Ingredients - GMP+ FSA, FAMI-QS and FSSC 22000
Animal feed and feed ingredients may impact the safety of the feed and food end products. The GMP+ Feed Certification Scheme (GMP+ FSA) is applicable to feed production, transport, affreightment, storage, laboratory analyses and trade. FSSC 22000 is applicable to single ingredients and compound feed and premix manufacturing. FAMI-QS is applicable to manufacturing and trade of specialty feed ingredients and mixtures. They are all developed to guarantee safe impact of feed on the end products.
Animal feed has a direct influence on the quality and safety of food of animal origin. Consumers of meat, milk, fish, and eggs expect the industry and retailers to supply safe, high quality products.
The European Regulation on Feed Hygiene (EU Reg. 183/2005) sets up hygiene and safety requirements for the whole feed chain, producers and traders of compound feeds, animal feeds, premixtures and additives, as well as transportation, transshipment, cultivation and feeding at the livestock farm. This regulation:
- Integrates the manufacturing and distribution of feed materials, feed additives, premixtures, and compound feeds in a global food chain
- Integrates HACCP (Hazard Analysis & Critical Control Points) principles
- Promotes the establishment of codes of practice in the feed chain
Primarily feed regulation requires correct use of additives and veterinary medical products. In addition, the regulation provides control of levels of undesirable substances and contaminants such as heavy metals, pesticides and aflatoxin. Finally, for example it measures to prevent Salmonella contamination of animals via the animal feed are required.
The codes of practice were developed to respond to the expectations of consumers, authorities, food producers and retailers.
What are the standards?
GMP+ International B.V. (formerly known as: The Dutch Animal Feed Board (PDV)) has developed the GMP+ Feed Safety Assurance. GMP+ FSA is a complete module for the assurance of feed safety in all the areas of the feed chain. Based on needs in practice, multiple components have been integrated into the GMP+ FSA module, based on the requirements for the quality management system (ISO 9001), HACCP, product standards, traceability, monitoring, prerequisites programs, chain approach and the Early Warning System. In addition, laboratories which carry out analyses may be certified and/or registered.
FAMI-QS is a global Quality and Feed Safety Management System for the sector of Specialty Feed Ingredients. The FAMI-QS Code provides requirements for implementing measures necessary to ensure feed safety and quality of products. ingredients made by chemical, bioprocessing, mining, extraction, mixing and formulation processes. The Code includes dedicated HACCP plans for the processes under the scope and is aligned with ISO High Level Structure for Management Systems and Prerequisite programs ISO/TS 2003 – Part 6 and FSMA CGMP Animal Food. The Rules provide the details of the Certification System. The Crisis Management Procedure provides assurance of feed safety worldwide. The Feed Fraud Prevention and Defence module provides support by defining the necessary actions to be taken against intentional adulteration. FAMI-QS is operating under IAF MLA. The administration is in the hands of FAMI-QS Asbl.
FSSC 22000 certification scheme, developed by the Foundation for Food Safety Certification, also includes a module for feed safety. The scheme ensures food safety based on these generally recognized key elements:
- Interactive communication: A structured informative flow to guarantee effective control of hazards.
- System management: To control the interaction between the system’s elements.
- Prerequisite programs: GMP, as detailed in the animal feed specific ISO TS 22002-6.
- HACCP principles: The basic methodology to plan safe production processes which are appropriate for every individual company, without unnecessary bureaucracy.
Why is certification good for my business?
Demonstrable and transparent quality assurance constitutes a license to produce. Certification shows your commitment to a set of globally recognized principles, opening the global market:
- Food safety has a high priority
- The animal feed industry, including ingredient suppliers, is part of the food chain and is responsible for the safety of its products
- HACCP is a proactive approach which links the feed chain to the food chain
- Quality control of raw materials is a mutual concern for suppliers and the animal feed industry
- The trade and industry are assuming their responsibility for product safety
By achieving certification, your company can demonstrably guarantee that animal feeds and animal feed ingredients meet the legal rules and the requirements which have been agreed with the parties in the chain. The certification enables your organization to:
- Communicate confidence to the customers, demonstrating that the feed or feed ingredients are produced by means of safe processes
- Prove that all reasonable precautions have been taken
- Allow the customers to demand certification and assessment of suppliers, if they operate in a country with a strong feed safety legislative framework
- Reduce the number of audits carried out by the customers and, consequently, save costs and management time
- Reduce product waste and product recall
- Improve relations with the food safety authorities
- Improve efficiency
Certification to the feed standards provide an effective means for communicating with stakeholders and other interested parties. It is an important element in demonstrating feed safety commitment under corporate governance, corporate responsibility, and financial reporting requirements.
How can I prepare for certification?
Companies that plan well will often have an advantage and be prepared for certification. It is important that you and your company are positive, committed, and set clear target dates for implementation and assessment.
- Establishing a quality management system
- Identifying legal requirements
- Identifying and documenting the specific feed safety hazards – related to the final food or feed product – and the relevant control measures (HACCP system)
- Identifying the applicable Good Manufacturing Practice/Good Hygiene Practice, including a pest control program, equipment and building maintenance program, housekeeping and cleaning program, and all the other specific standard requirements
- Implement any needed structural improvements